A dining hall in a monastery where meal-taking is permeated with the spirit of prayer and meditation. In the Renaissance, the religious nature of the refectory was often emphasized by the paintings that decorated the walls. These usually depicted scenes from the Bible or the lives of the saints that related to the act of meal-taking. Examples are the Last Supper by Taddeo Gaddi (c. 1340) at Santa Croce, Andrea del Castagno's (1447) in the Monastery of Sant'Apollonia (both in Florence), and Leonardo da Vinci's (1497-1498) at Santa Maria della Grazie in Milan. Tintoretto painted the Marriage at Cana in the refectory of the Monastery of San Giorgio Maggiore in 1563 and Paolo Veronese rendered the Feast in the House of Levi (Venice, Galleria dell' Accademia) for the refectory of the Dominican Monastery of Santi Giovanni e Paolo in 1573, both in Venice.
   See also Refectory, Sant' Apollonia, Florence; Refectory, Santa Croce, Florence.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Refectory — Re*fec to*ry ( [ o]*r[y^]), n.; pl.; {Refectories} ( r?z). [{LL}. refectorium: cf. F. r[ e]fectoire. See {Refection}.] A room for refreshment; originally, a dining hall in monasteries or convents. [1913 Webster] Note: Sometimes pronounced r[e^]f… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • refectory — late 15c., from M.L. refectorium, from reficere to remake, restore, from re (see RE (Cf. re )) + facere (see FACTITIOUS (Cf. factitious)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • refectory — The recommended pronunciation is with the stress on the second syllable, although in some religious houses the stress is placed on the first …   Modern English usage

  • refectory — ► NOUN (pl. refectories) ▪ a room used for communal meals, especially in an educational or religious institution …   English terms dictionary

  • refectory — [ri fek′tər ē] n. pl. refectories [LME < LL refectorium < pp. of L reficere: see REFECTION] a dining hall in a monastery, college, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Refectory — Trapeza redirects here; for the prehistoric Greek settlement, see Trapeza, Crete . A refectory (also frater, frater house, fratery) is a dining room, especially in monasteries, boarding schools and academic institutions. One of the places it is… …   Wikipedia

  • refectory — UK [rɪˈfekt(ə)rɪ] / US noun [countable] Word forms refectory : singular refectory plural refectories a large room in a school or university where you eat your meals with a lot of other people …   English dictionary

  • refectory — [[t]rɪfe̱ktəri[/t]] refectories N COUNT A refectory is a large room in a school, university or other institution, where meals are served and eaten. Syn: canteen …   English dictionary

  • refectory — n. (pl. ies) a room used for communal meals, esp. in a monastery or college. Phrases and idioms: refectory table a long narrow table. Etymology: LL refectorium f. L reficere refresh (as RE , facere make) …   Useful english dictionary

  • refectory — noun (plural ries) Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French refectorie, from Late Latin refectorium, from Latin reficere Date: 15th century a dining hall (as in a monastery or college) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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